Handcrafted in the heart of Amish country, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania We are proud to handcraft one-of-a-kind custom furniture, using authentic reclaimed barn wood and select hardwoods. Houzz The history and character of reclaimed barnwood lends our furniture a timeless charm. That singular quality ensures each E. We enjoy walking you through our custom design process, explaining the many options available and using your input to build the furniture of your dreams. Your home is unique; your furniture should be, too. From country primitive to contemporary, mountain lodge to seashore getaway, shabby chic to industrial tech, E. Braun Farm Tables and Furniture, Inc. Ours is not the barren and unremarkable, cookie-cutter sameness of mass-produced furniture. Every board tells the story of its former life in an earlier time.
Frequently Asked Nail Questions
In as much as he applied popular Rocco, Chinoiserie and Gothic design motifs to already fashionable shapes for both grand and simple household furniture. Few designs were copied exactly. Chair makers at all levels – London, provincial and country adapted and modified their designs to suit their own skills, and their customers tastes and pockets. Country versions are instantly identifiable when made in woods other than Mahogany.
Often less well proportioned, much simpler in design with splats with little or no carving.
Hepplewhite furniture is a well known furniture style dating to the period of to What is not so well known is that there are no original pieces of this neoclassic style of furniture remaining that were made by the designer.
From new Arts and Crafts oak made in America, to the flood of Indonesian mahogany in 19th century styles, many of these new pieces are virtually indistinguishable in shape from the originals. Add new hardware cast from vintage originals and you have the potential for confusion. One of the clues furniture experts look for to authenticate age of furniture is the presence of appropriate “shadows. Shadow in this sense does not necessarily mean dark or black, but refers to a relative difference.
In many cases, a furniture shadow is lighter, not darker, than a surrounding surface but is still referred to as a shadow. Wood covered by a drawer pull, for example, would not be exposed to the wood smoke, grime and abrasion as the surrounding wood not covered by the pull. If the original hardware has been on the furniture for years and the piece has not been refinished, the protected surface under the hardware should logically look different than surrounding unprotected surfaces.
Similarly, areas subject to normal movement over many years also show shadows caused by continuous wear. Drawers are one of the best places to check for shadows because they include both hardware pulls and movement sliding in and out. Whether inspecting an entire chest of drawers or a single drawer in a desk, drawers can often tip you off as to whether the entire piece is right or wrong.
The material of which draw hardware is made — metal, wood, glass, ceramic — has little effect on the creation of the shadow. Any reasonably solid material will create a shadow. The exact time it takes to produce a shadow depends on the original finish, how the piece has been used or stored and the conditions to which a piece is exposed such as coal or wood smoke, cooking fumes, sunlight, humidity, etc.
One more step
Or aim a flashlight as if it was a Star Wars blaster? It can be fun, even productive, to break out of our everyday routine and assume other roles. Golfing we become Tiger Woods. Faced with a situation that calls for a cool head we can turn ourselves into James Bond or Grace Kelly.
The bluing technique for sterilization (for upholsterers who put tacks in their mouths) came into being in the early s. Therefore, a blued tack would probably not be found as an original component on furniture or a painting tacking edge created in the 19th century.
Square-Cut Nails Still made the same way as they were in , these traditional square-cut iron nails are produced by Tremont, the oldest nail manufacturer in the United States. Besides being historically accurate for reproduction work and period restoration, they are superior to conventional wire nails in two ways. First, they are near constant thickness but taper in width. When the parallel sides of the nail are aligned with the grain, the square tip shears fibers, which are then bent downwards and compressed as the nail is driven.
The fibers then act like a featherboard on a table saw, preventing the nail from withdrawing. Second, because the square tip shears the fibers, there is no wedging action across the grain; this lets you nail near the end of a board with no splitting. The decorative wrought-head and common rose-head nails are ideal for rough-sawn siding, face-nailed floors, batten doors and framing. While both brads are popular for cabinetmaking, the slender headless brad excels at furniture repair and picture frames.
Traditionally used for carcass construction, the fine finish standard nails have a tapered shape and slim rectangular head. Preferred for affixing cabinet backs and other applications requiring greater pull-out strength, the clout standard nails have an elongated diamond-shaped shaft and a large head for a firm hold.
Approximate nail count per box is listed. The wrought-head nails have a black oxide finish; the others are unfinished steel.
How to Identify the Age of Furniture by the Nails
Posted on 19th February by Jack Plane In my career as an antiques dealer, antique restorer, furniture-maker, and championship winning driver of a state-of-the-art racing car built from the ground up using the latest CNC machinery , I have encountered both pegs and pins in woodwork and metalwork — respectively. I only mention having a foot in each camp to assert I am not a complete wood Neanderthal! Steel draw-bore pins have been used by carpenters in the framing of timber buildings for centuries where heavy, immensely awkward timbers are initially drawn into place by the use of a large steel draw-bore pin fig.
The steel draw-bore pin is subsequently replaced by a stout oak peg which permanently secures the tenon in the mortise. Withdrawing a steel draw-bore pin. Morris Rosenthal I can find no reference to steel draw-bore pins use in cabinetmaking prior to the second quarter of the nineteenth-century coincidently, this was a period when Gentlemen Cabinetmakers were availing themselves of every tool that the tool companies could dream of and publish in their voluminous catalogues… much like the present day really.
Nails as clues to ageBy Mark Chervenka. How nails work. Nails, modern or antique, are able to be used as fasteners because of the cellular structure of wood on the microscopic level. In these positions you should expect to find small T-head finishing nails driven flush with the surface on early furniture.
Tape How to Repair Furniture First, purchase all of the supplies that you will need to begin fixing damaged furniture. These items should be available at any home improvement or building supply stores. To physically fix a broken pat of a piece of furniture that needs to be replaced, remove the problem area. Try to pry its nails loose if it was nailed on, or unscrew it if it was drilled on to the rest of the piece.
If you cannot do this, gently and carefully, saw it loose, seeing that you do not damage any other parts of the furniture. Cut a replacement piece from the same type of wood. Sand it down, and install it, suing nails or screws. Then, cover it with wood finish, which is of the same type as that used during the furniture’s original construction. This is very important, or the problem area will be off color, and easily noticeable to anyone.
To fix small splints, apply some wood glue, and tap the splinted wood pieces down. Allow them to dry, and then thoroughly sand them so that they are completely flush with the surrounding wood areas. Recover the sanded and reattached splints with fresh finish that matches the color of that used on the rest of the furniture. To fix larger cracks or dents, fill them with epoxy, then sand them down and cover them with wood finish.
Antique Furniture Hardware
The stylistic techniques used to date formal furniture such as Chippendale and Hepplewhite simply does not work for American country and primitive furniture. Country furniture does have its styles based predominately on religion and region. The catholic French and the Irish built cupboards with bold moldings, cut out feet, raised panels and they painted their cupboards in bright colors. The puritan New England cabinetmakers built simple unadorned cupboards painted in drab colors.
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Here are some general guidelines to go by. When you are going to the expense of having something recovered, it would generally be safe to assume that you want the springs and padding to last the lifetime of the cover. Generally you want the cover to wear out before the stuff under it. Unless the furniture was reupholstered very recently – AND – the springs and padding were replaced or thoroughly repaired at that time, then we would recommend that they be repaired or replaced now.
Look through the Picture and Slideshow section of our website and you will see that the support structure webbing and burlap of many of the antiques are quite deteriorated, even when they look fine on the outside. Recovering just putting a new cover over the existing springs and padding , is only an option if the frame is rock solid, if the springs and padding are in excellent shape.
If the frame is even a little wobbly, or the springs are weak, then you would at least go for the reupholstery option.
How to Determine the Age of Antique Furniture
Answer Wiki 6 Answers Rebecca Phillips , Third generation of a family that buys and sells antiques, and have recently started working professionally There is great stuff to be found in thrift stores and on craigslist – have found many items myself on both. And that is where the thrill of the hunt is That said, I wouldn’t classify most furniture with a manufacturer and model number as “antique” in terms of the strict definition of the word.
The most widely used definition, developed by the U. Customs Office around the turn of the century, is an item years or older is considered an antique.
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Dating furniture by nails Sideboards became fashionable as a way to display plate. Veneered furniture has a carcass solid body made from a different usually less expensive wood. This secondary wood, as it’s known, is most commonly pine or oak. Used during the 18th century and Regency periods, nearly always as a veneer. Brownish-whitish wood used in the solid from the 17th century for the frames of upholstered furniture, because it doesn’t split when tacked.
Ranges in tone from light to dark brown, much used during the 18th century for French provincial furniture made in the solid. A dark, boldly figured wood, almost black in parts, with pale striations, used mainly as a veneer for refined furniture of the Regency period. Dense, heavy, almost black wood, often used as a contrasting inlay in marquetry veneering.
Light brown wood, popular for Windsor chairs and provincial English furniture. Rich golden-brown or red-brown wood, which became popular in England c. Listed below are examples of the most frequently seen types of woods used for antique furniture.
How to Identify Antique Wooden Furniture
Here is a great little primitive knife tray with pewter gray over an earlier red dating to the mid ‘s. One board bottom with age crack and square nailed throughout. Primitive Man never existed, and there never was a Stone Age.
The simple nail serves as a key to furniture dating. Until about , nails were hand-forged – tapered square shafts and hand-hammered heads. During the ‘s, cut nails have tapered rectangular shafts and rectangular heads.
Nails as clues to ageBy Mark Chervenka Nails as clues to age Most everyone knows that handmade nails are older than machine made nails. But could you identify a handmade nail if you saw one? And could you separate an old nail from a reproduction nail? In addition to looking at how old nails were made, this article will also discuss how to examine nail holes, rust left by nails plus where, how and why specific types and shapes of nails were used.
How nails work Nails, modern or antique, are able to be used as fasteners because of the cellular structure of wood on the microscopic level. As a nail is driven into wood, the tip of the nail pushes apart or crushes wood cells in its path Fig. When the tip of the nail passes, the cells spring back and try to resume their former positions. This applies pressure to the nail shank Fig. The principle is the same for all nails old or modern regardless of shape or how they were made.
Mathematical formulas can accurately predict the holding power of nails based on size of nail, depth nail is driven, and the species and moisture content of the wood. Nails have been in use since the beginning of the Bronze Age, ca. From that time to the beginning of the 19th century, ca. A nail cutting machine designed in the s cut the nail’s shank and reduced hand labor to only forming the head of the nail.